The Department of Science and Technology (Kagawaran ng Agham at Teknolohiya), more popularly known as the DOST, is an executive department of the Philippine Government responsible for providing direction and coordination to all activities in the country related to science and technology. The country’s premier science body is also tasked to formulate policies and programs that will contribute to the overall national development. The DOST is currently headed by Secretary Estrella F. Alabastro.
During Carlos P. Garcia‘s presidency, the government commissioned Frank Co Tui to survey the state of science and technology in the Philippines. Tiu was a Filipino doctor and professor who has made a name in the field of medical research in the US. After Tiu’s assessment and recommendation, the Congress passed the Science Act of 1958, a bill seeking to integrate and intensify scientific development in the country, to foster invention, and more importantly to provide funds for such activities. The bill also created the National Science Development Board (NSDB), the government’s arm on all science matters. Consequently, NSDB’s chairman would be the president’s science and technology adviser.
In 1982, under the Marcos administration, the NSDB was renamed the National Science and Technology Authority (NSTA). The revamp, through the underlying modifications to the agency’s functions, gave the NSTA broader policy-making and program implementing functions.
The science body was elevated to cabinet status during the Aquino administration and was renamed the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) on January 30, 1987. Its functions were broadened for it to be able to support local scientific efforts, develop technological self-reliance, and promote public and private sector awareness in the sciences.
|The Department through the years…|
Congress passes a law establishing the National Science Development Board (NSDB) upon the recommendation of Dr. Frank Co Tui, who was tasked to survey the state of Philippine S&T during the Garcia administration;
NSDB revamped as the National Science and Technology Authority (NSTA) and accorded broader policy-making and program implementing functions;
NSTA elevated to Cabinet level and becomes the DOST in response to increasing demands for S&T intervention in national development.
Executive Order No. 128
“The DOST shall provide central direction, leadership and coordination of scientific and technological efforts and ensure that the result there geared and utilized in area of maximum economic and social benefits for the people”